In the wake of the Chernobyl disaster, Pripyat residents were given less than an hour to pack.

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A ferris wheel in the ghost town of Pripyat on April 13, 2006.
Gleb Garanich/Reuters

Residents left behind Soviet-era posters, ballot boxes, and flags. 

The city’s buildings, homes, and amusement park have been deserted ever since.

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The Pripyat amusement park, which was was scheduled to open five days after Chernobyl, never officially welcomed visitors.
“Abandoned Places”

“We didn’t just lose a town, we lost our whole lives,” one evacuee recalled in the book “Voices from Chernobyl” by Svetlana Alexievich.

Some artifacts have survived the test of time, while others have disintegrated.

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Gas masks at a former base of the Soviet army near the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant.
Valentyn Ogirenko/Reuters

Graffiti artists have drawn strange shadowy figures on the walls of buildings.

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Graffiti in the abandoned city of Pripyat, Ukraine.
Alexey Furman/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

One motif seen throughout the area is a series of childlike figures that are said to represent the ghosts of former residents.

Creepy dolls can be found on windowsills and beds, but they were likely staged by visitors.

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A vintage doll placed by a visitor on a bed at a kindergarten near the Chernobyl power plant.
Gleb Garanich/Reuters

A group of “disaster tourists” arranged some the haunting dolls on the beds in an abandoned kindergarten for dramatic effect.

Nearby, the ghost town of Kopachi is also open for tours.

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Tourists take pictures of a building in the ghost village of Kopachi during a tour of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone on April 23, 2018.
Sergei Supinsky/AFP/Getty Images

Tours of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone — a 1,000-square-mile restricted area surrounding the nuclear power plant — often take visitors to Kopachi, which is on the road from Pripyat to Chernobyl.

Read more: Photos of the abandoned towns around Chernobyl show time standing still

Most of the village’s homes were bulldozed and buried after Chernobyl.

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Books and music notes lie strewn on the floor in the abandoned kindergarten in Kopachi on September 29, 2015.
Sean Gallup/Getty Images

The action was supposed to prevent the spread the contamination, but it wound up having the opposite effect — the efforts pushed radiation deeper into the soil and closer to groundwater. 

Few buildings remain, aside from an abandoned kindergarten.

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Children’s beds stand in the abandoned kindergarten of Kopachi on September 29, 2015.
Sean Gallup/Getty Images

There is also a memorial that honors the Soviet soldiers who liberated the village during World War II.

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A World War II memorial in Kopachi.
Ronald Woan/Flickr

Meanwhile, an abandoned trolley bus sits in the middle of a forested area.

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An abandoned bus in Kopachi.

Twenty-five years after Chernobyl, a power plant disaster in Fukushima, Japan, forced the evacuation of multiple towns in 2011.

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Dilapidated houses along a deserted street in Namie on March 11, 2018.
Yusuke Harada/NurPhoto/Getty Images

On March 11, 2011, the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami resulted in three nuclear meltdowns and multiple hydrogen explosions at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Japan.

The morning after the disaster, Japanese authorities evacuated the entire town of Namie, which is downwind from the power plant.

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A damaged primary school in Namie on September 22, 2013.
Damir Sagolj/Reuters

Residents weren’t allowed back for six years.

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Rusted playground equipment at an abandoned park in Namie, Japan on March 10, 2019.
Yusuke Harada/NurPhoto/Getty Images

In 2017, the government partially lifted the evacuation orders, allowing around 21,000 former residents to reoccupy certain areas. About 1,000 people chose to move back. 

Namie is divided into three zones, two of which have been re-opened.

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A classroom at Ukedo elementary school in Namie, Fukushima, on March 1, 2017.
Toru Hanai/Reuters

The third zone, which makes up around 80% of the district, is still off-limits due to elevated levels of radiation

With humans gone, wild boars began roaming the streets.

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A wild boar walks through a residential area in Namie, Fukushima, on March 1, 2017.
Toru Hanai/Reuters

The animals started foraging for food in Namie after the disaster, so local hunters began trapping and killing them.

Many former residents are still too scared to return.

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An abandoned hair salon in Namie, Fukushima, on January 24, 2019.
Shiho Fukada/The Washington Post/Getty Images

Some former residents remain skeptical of claims that the area is safe, while others find it too painful to live among the demolished homes and empty school buildings. 

In addition to Namie, Japanese authorities designated other municipalities as “difficult-to-return” zones.

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A dismantled sign reads, “Nuclear Power – The Energy for a Better Future,” in the exclusion zone in Futaba on February 15, 2016.
Toru Hanai/Reuters

One of those zones was Futaba, was home to about 7,000 people at the time of the accident.

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Bicycles are left behind near the train station in the evacuated town of Futaba on September 22, 2013.
Damir Sagolj/Reuters

Futaba is now an eerie shell of its former self.

Many buildings there are strewn with discarded objects, and abandoned vehicles have been enveloped by overgrown weeds.

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A shop in Futaba, Fukushima, on March 11, 2019.
The Asahi Shimbun/Getty Images

The vast majority of the town is still under an evacuation advisory.

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Deserted hospital beds in Futaba, Fukushima, on April 21, 2011.
Sergey Ponomarev/AP Photo

Authorities are working to make the site livable by 2022, but few residents are expected to return.

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Shizuko Nakano, 68, leaves her home in Futaba after a temporary visit on March 11, 2019.
The Asahi Shimbun/Getty Images

“If this was two or three years after the disaster, I might have a choice to return. But my house became run-down and I got old,” a 69-year-old evacuee told The Japan Times in 2017. “Realistically speaking, I don’t think I can live there now.”

The Japanese town of Ōkuma has already reopened to the public after sitting empty for eight years.

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Abandoned houses in the town of Okuma, Japan.
Lars Nicolaysen/Getty Images

Ōkuma lies to the south of Namie and Futaba. The town was home to about 10,000 residents at the time of the Fukushima disaster.

Earlier this year, Japanese authorities determined that radiation levels in two of Ōkuma’s districts were low enough for people to return

Many of Ōkuma’s sites are still shuttered, though.

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The parking lot of an abandoned restaurant along the route 6 in Okuma on January 24, 2019.
Shiho Fukada/The Washington Post/Getty Images

Around 50 people began moving into new homes in April, but most former residents have chosen to stay away. 

Though Ōkuma has a new corner shop and town hall, its hospital and town center still aren’t safe to enter due to radiation.

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Abandoned cars covered by weeds in Okuma, Fukushima, on February 20, 2019.
Issei Kato/Reuters

An explosion at the Mayak nuclear facility in Russia is considered the world’s third-worst nuclear accident, behind Fukushima and Chernobyl.

An abandoned glue factory in Muslyumovo on March 17, 2003.
Sergei Karpukhin/Reuters

The explosion released around 2 million curies of radioactive waste.

In 2009, residents were relocated about a mile away to an area dubbed “New Muslyumovo.”

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The village of “New Muslyumovo” on November 17, 2010.
Denis Sinyakov/Reuters

Much of the old territory was torn down. Homes were demolished, and the remains were thrown into pits, then buried.

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A sign in front of an abandoned school in Muslyumovo forbids fishing, gathering mushrooms, and picking berries.
Denis Sinyakov/Reuters

But a few families belonging to a local ethnic group, the Tatars, chose to remain in the ghost town.

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Alik Nuryshev, a local resident in Muslyumovo, suffers from epilepsy and cerebral palsy.
Denis Sinyakov/Reuters

The ghost town of Atomic City, Idaho, meanwhile, didn’t empty out all at once.

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A run-down building photographed by David Hanson on his trip to Atomic City.
David Hanson

In 1955, a small nuclear meltdown took place just outside Atomic City, at the Experimental Breeder Reactor-1, the world’s first electricity-generating nuclear power plant.

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An empty car photographed by Hanson on his trip.
David Hanson

Then in 1961, three people died in a steam explosion and meltdown at a nuclear power reactor in nearby Idaho Falls.

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David Hanson

Those accidents led to a steady decline in the town’s population: It went from around 140 residents in 1960 to just two dozen in 1970. The population has hovered around 25 ever since.

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David Hanson

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